Water Maintenance

The City of Waterford Public Works Department provides water to the City of Waterford and Hickman, and is dedicated to providing responsive, consistent service to its customers 24 hours per day and 365 days per year. The water department strives to supply its water customers with safe, reliable and the highest quality drinking water available on a daily basis.   Two employees are assigned to the water treatment plant and backflow prevention program.


For water problems in the Waterford and Hickman area,  contact (209) 874-4095 or (209) 874-2328.



  • Only wash full loads in your dishwasher: The same amount of water is used to wash a half load as it does to wash a full load of dishes. Washing half a load wastes water, energy and money.
  • Thaw frozen food in the refrigerator: Thawing food by running under water is wasteful.
  • Check for leaking pipes and faucets: Small leaks can waste over 50 gallons of water a day or 2,500 gallons per year. Larger leaks can waste hundreds of gallons of water per day.
  • Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator: It eliminates the wasteful practice of letting the water run until it is cool enough to drink.
  • Scrape dishes clean instead of running them under the faucet: Water can be saved by changing small cleaning habits.
  • Clean vegetables by washing them in a bowl of water: Rinse vegetables in a bowl of water and then reuse the water on your plants.
  • Use a sponge mop instead of a string mop: Sponge mops use less water than string mops and require less water in the bucket.


  • Check for toilet tank leaks: Place a few drops of food coloring in your toilet tank. If the food coloring seeps into the bowl, then you have a leak, and it should be repaired immediately. A toilet leak can waste approximately 21,000 gallons of water per year.
  • Don’t use the toilet as a waste basket: Every time you flush a cigarette butt, facial tissue, or a piece of trash you waste nearly seven gallons of water. Only flush when it is necessary.
  • Install low-flow shower heads: Low-flow shower heads can save up to three gallons of water per minute or approximately 4,800 gallons per person per year!
  • Take shorter showers: Try limiting your showers to the time it takes to lather up, wash down and rinse off. Better yet, turn the water off while you lather up, shampoo your hair or shave. Long hot showers can waste up to ten gallons per minute.
  • Rinse your razor in the sink: Before shaving, put a small amount of water in the sink for rinsing. This uses considerably less water than rinsing your razor under a running faucet.
  • Turn the water off while brushing your teeth: Soak your toothbrush before cleaning your teeth and have a glass of water ready to rinse your toothbrush.
  • Fill your bath tub halfway: The average water capacity of a bath tub is 40 gallons. Filling a bath tub only halfway can save up to 7,300 gallons of water per person per year.
  • Change older toilets with new low-flow models. Low-flow toilets use water more efficiently.
  • Don’t waste cool water while waiting for hot water to arrive: When waiting for the hot water to arrive, (E.g. dishwashing or showering) use the cold water for your plants or for other uses that are not sensitive to temperature


  • Wash only full loads in your washing machine: It takes nearly the same amount of water to wash a half load of clothes as it does to wash a full load. Washing a half load wastes water, energy and money.
  • Water your landscape during the cool part of the day: Watering landscape during the early morning or late evening can reduce water waste. Make sure your watering schedule complies with the City’s year round-out door watering schedule. As a rule of dumb, water in 10 minute cycles per station.
  • Check for leaks in pipes, hoses, faucets and couplings: Water running from a leaky hose creates unnecessary water waste. Leaks outside the house may not appear bad but they can be equally as wasteful as leaks inside. Frequently check these areas and keep them from dripping.
  • Water your lawn only when it is needed: A helpful method to determine if your lawn needs water is by stepping on your lawn. If the grass blades spring back up, after you remove your foot, then water is not needed. If they do not spring back up but remain flat, then water is needed.
  • Deep soak your lawn: Make sure you water long enough for the moisture to soak down to the roots. Water will evaporate quickly when watering lightly and it tends to promote a low root system.
  • Avoid watering the curb and gutter: Adjust your sprinklers so water lands on your lawn and garden and not on the paved areas. Avoid watering on windy days.